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Transformational change: strategic mean which is steered by institutions that employ research staff. Through operating transformational change, research institutions are demonstrating significant gender awareness and competency to use gender as a resource to create new knowledge and stimulate innovation by modernizing their organizational culture. The ultimate objective of the change process is to work towards a better gender relation and equal representation of both sexes in all staff categories of the institution. Operating transformational change effectively demands awareness of the statistical base, periodical examination of institutional processes (such as recruitment, promotion, retention), the willingness at the top of the institution to open up discussion and to sustain the process of self-study and change and support the achievement of organizational goals within a supportive climate.
(GESIS (2011), Definition of Transformational Change for the purpose of the INTEGER project, INTEGER Deliverable 7.13)
Sex: refers to biological qualities characteristic of women [females] and men [males] in terms of reproductive organs and functions based on chromosomal complement and physiology. As such, sex is globally understood as the classification of living things as male and female, and intersexed. (See Gendered Innovations, How gender analysis contributes to research)

Gender: a socio-cultural process – refers to cultural and social attitudes that together shape and sanction “feminine” and “masculine” behaviours, products, technologies, environments, and knowledge (See Gendered Innovations, How gender analysis contributes to research)

Gender equality: gender equality is the result of the absence of discrimination on the basis of a person’s sex in opportunities and the allocation of resources or benefits or in access to services. (see Strategy for equality between women and men 2010-2015)

Equal opportunities for women and men: equal opportunities indicate the absence of barriers to economic, political and social participation on the grounds of sex.(See Gender Toolkit in EU-funded research)

Sex/ gender analysis: is an umbrella term for the entire research cycle that includes the integration of sex/ gender issues from the setting of research priorities through developing methodologies, gathering and analysing data to evaluating and reporting results and transferring them to markets.

Gender dimension in research: is a concept regrouping the various elements concerning biological characteristics and social/cultural factors of both women and men into the development of research  olicies, programmes and projects.